Remedios Varo, a Spanish-Mexican surrealist and anarchist painter, is one of the most important Mexican painters. Some art critics have hailed her work as postmodern allegories. She fled to Paris during Franco’s rule in Spain and joined the circle of French surrealists. After France’s occupation in World War II, she went to Mexico and lived in exile for the rest of her life.
Her work is a protest reaction to women’s marginalization by patriarchal and misogynistic surrealist artists. She believes they never saw their female counterparts as artists. She portrayed bisexual beings with heart-shaped faces and large eyes, combining the artist’s face and mythical creatures. “The Texture of Dreams,” “War,” and “Paradise of Cats” are among her most important works.
Margaret Thompson Zurak
She was one of the first American Fauvist and Cubist painters. She is one of the most influential figures in the modern movement in the United States. She has performed an essential part in proposing the styles of Cubism and Fauvism in this country. Margaret dropped out of Stanford University and went to Paris to study at the Post-Impressionist School of the La Lapel Academy.
In Paris, she met Picasso and Gertrude Stein, and with their support, held her first exhibition in 1910 in Paris. In 1912, she married William Zurak, an American painter, sculptor and writer. William Zurak, with her support, played an essential role in Margaret’s artistic success. After traveling to Egypt, Palestine, India and Japan, Margaret changed her style and became more inclined to Cubism. Towards the end of her life, she turned to needlework and fabric design. She raised the art of embroidery to an artistic level.
Louis the Bourgeois
Louis Bourgeois, the French painter and sculptor, is one of the pioneers of modern art. Loneliness, anxiety, sexual tension and jealousy are some of her themes. Born in Paris to an American citizen, she was influenced by European surrealist artists who went to the United States after World War II. Her collection of spiders, especially her spider sculpture titled “Mom,” is world-famous. When she was twenty-one, she lost her mother. Following this, she threw herself into the river in despair and pain, but her father saved her. The collection of bourgeois “cells” she designed in 1993 refers directly to childhood traumas and the insecurity surrounding her.