Miller maintained the method of “direct photography” in all his works. Throughout his years of activity, He tried to complement this objectivity by depicting the existing atmosphere when capturing images of Nazi atrocities in concentration camps. The Buchenwald train is a prime example of this. In showing American soldiers “fighting” Jewish corpses after opening on the Buchenwald train, American rescuers seem to be coming soon. The astonishment, helplessness, and horror embodied in the Allied forces’ faces show their efforts to understand this tragedy’s dimensions.
Lee Miller’s war works on “German Liberation” not only illustrate the plight of war victims. In several collections, this prolific artist has also portrayed the fears and frustrations of National Socialism criminals. “Mass Suicide” is one of these works that shows the suicide of Nazi male and female officers in their office in the municipality of Leipzig. With the same title, one of these works shows several Nazi criminals lying motionless on leather sofas in officer’s uniform and “on duty,” and horror has shattered their lifeless faces.
End of work
Lee Miller stayed in Europe after the war and returned to his hometown. He gave up photography with a mental illness and moved with his family to a village in the south of Britain. Miller, who had taken refuge in this remote corner of alcohol, eventually died of an overdose in 1977.
Lee Miller’s collection of photographs of “German Liberation” was first “discovered” and published after his death. The famous artist, who had left for Europe at the height of his success to “take an active part in the victory against Hitler,” refused to publish them during his lifetime.