Land art, also known as “earth art,” is one of the concepts of conceptual art formed in the late 1960s in the United States and in the early 1970s to emphasize nature. This art was a confrontation with the artists’ natural environment, including stone, earth, sand, water, trees, land, and the like. In this art, 6 uses the world not to create work but as art itself. For this reason, it is not possible to display the results except through the visual display of them. Earth art is a kind of unstable art because it could often be exhibited in a particular venue. The art was performed outdoors or in the workplace and was reconstructed by interference or change. In this style, like other conceptual art trends, the artist’s idea is more important than the product of his work.
This art was established with the exhibition at the Down Gallery in New York in 1968.
And the Earth Art Exhibition was established at Cornell University in 1969. The exhibit featured photographs of a “box in a hole” by Shell Le Witt (burying a steel cube in the ground, at Weiser’s house, the Netherlands) and a work by Walter Dumaria called Mile Design (two parallel white lines in the Nevada desert). With excavation equipment, people like Robert Smith made changes to natural landscapes and created large-scale works that could only be presented through photographs and videos. One of his most famous works, the snail pier, is 450 meters long and 4.5 meters wide in the Great Utah Salt Lake. This work is generalized in understandable photographs, drawings and writings; In other words, only the artist himself and his direct experience are its artistic masterpiece.
Therefore, the work of photography, which is not necessary for this art form, plays an essential role by recording the act of its creation. Photography has a dual function here: sometimes, it may be the understandable equivalent of a single artistic experience. It is of secondary importance to both the artist and the viewer. It is a document about a work that the rest is up to the viewer to go to the place of the work of art and experience it up close.
Because even in some fabulous creations that can only be understood from the sky, photography can not replace direct contact. Only direct connection allows us to understand the human condition and the instability of things and informs us of concepts such as durability and instability that this art means. (Just as paintings of inanimate nature and adaptations of objects symbolized the emptiness of earthly achievements. Christo., Jane Claude, Debits, Heiser, Hobler, and Richard Long are other artists.