Drawing Techniques

Who invented the first paintbrush

This is the most common sentence that many of us say to ourselves when we see a beautiful painting or design. Have you ever considered that you can also turn your mental compositions into images on paper? For many people, painting and drawing look a lot more exciting than a real photo. Why? Because it is an artistic creation. It’s not too late now. If you do not have this experience, try it at least once. I suggest you do not miss reading these seven key points of pencil drawing training.

First – know your pencil!

If you are one of those people who do not care at all when buying a pencil, what are the characteristics of the tip of the pen, pay more attention to this point. Before we start drawing with a pencil, we need to know what is the best pencil for the design we want to draw? The degree of hardness of pencil graphite is an indicator. You can find it on the body of the pencil. Pencils are divided into two general categories B and H. B pencils are softer (full color) and H pencils are harder (lighter). There is another class of pencils that fall between these two grades, known as HB pencils. There is a big difference between a 4H and a 4B pencil. The experience of many of these designers has taught us to use the H family pencil to start drawing. Then use the B family pencils to complete the design.

If you are in the process of learning to draw with a pencil, it is worth using a sharp pencil instead of a wooden pencil to get started. Why? Because nib pencils are usually more suitable for delicate and precise designs. Conventional wooden pencils, on the other hand, are more useful for designing textures and images in larger sizes. Remember that most nib pencils work with HB graphite tip; Which only allows you to design moderately.

Second – take control of the pencil

This is a very simple, basic but key point. You have control of your pencil. If you bring your skilled hand closer to the top of the pencil (near the tip), you have better control over the pencil. By doing this, you can work on the subtleties of your design or painting more masterfully. This technique makes you draw more colorful lines.

Conversely, the lower you hold the pen (it means towards the body and the end of the pencil), the less control you have over the pencil and the finer the work. Naturally, with this technique, lighter and shadow-like lines can be drawn easily.

Third – try different examples

There are thousands upon thousands of pencil drawing techniques that will train you to design different styles and effects. The example image below is an exercise in different ways to create form and depth. The important thing is to practice and use the best result for our work. This completes both your design and the prominence of your work. Designer Van Roden says,

“I prefer thin transitions with a mixture of different pencil lines instead of light shadows and thin outer lines”. But you may be interested in using diagonal checkered lines instead of bold outer lines.

Fourth- diversify the lines

 Use different lines in the process of learning to draw with a pencil. Not all lines are the same. Subtle and subtle changes in the width and opacity of your lines make your design dynamic and visually appealing. Early in the work, the pen may be a little slippery and clumsy in your hand, but over time and of course with practice you can calm it down. At that time, it is easy to create a coherent image by drawing lines with heterogeneous forms. Use 3H to 6B pencils for practice Remember to try the pencils at different angles to the screen.

Fifth – pencil drawing and the problem of making a mess

When you want to shade, put an extra sheet of paper under your hand. This simple operation eliminates friction between the hand and the design list on paper. If you are right-handed, start drawing and shading from left to right. And if you are left-handed, vice versa. I’m left-handed.

In pencil drawing, there may be no greater incapacity than wanting to restore a design that has lost its cleanliness and clarity due to dirty work to its original cleanliness. Instead, this technique can be used to soften and soften light shadows. There are different tools for this! I use a simple piece of paper or a finger for this.

Sixth – Find the edges and margins of objects

A famous designer named Roina Kay has proposed 4 techniques to define the edges of an object (or object): thin, hard, blurred and indistinct.

As you can see in the image above, thin and hard edges give solid and separable border objects. But if the edges are lost, the color of the object and the background are mixed. In fact, with this technique, the edges and margins are not clear, but it can be implicitly accepted. But to find Undefined Edges, the viewer must know how to decode. In simpler terms, the boundaries of objects are not easily distinguishable due to the complexity and fusion of the lines. I suggest you practice all 4 suggested models and mix them together to increase the passion of your work.

Seventh – Use a piece of wood or paper to create a soft shadow

In many pencil designs – for example to show the sky – we need to use soft and smooth effects. This is easily done by mixing the effect of pencils. Sometimes it is preferable that your shadow is less striped and more soft and faded. Mixing pencil lines requires great care, otherwise it may ruin your design. To create a soft shadow, soft pencils, pieces of paper, and of course more professional tools such as Tortillon and Paper Stump are used.

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