Arts and crafts in ancient Iran (part1)


Arts and crafts in ancient Iran (part1)

Ancient Iran

Art and industry in ancient Iran are dedicated to recognizing the material and cultural phenomena and the architectural and artistic style of the Iranians and the types of handicrafts and handicrafts of Iran and its developments in ancient Iran.

Metal Industry

Archaeological evidence confirms that northern and central Iran was one of the oldest centers of the world’s metalworking industry. A man could only realize the usefulness of metal in a land where metals and their minerals were present. Iran naturally has extensive reserves of minerals. The mountain ranges stretching from Taurus in Turkey to the Caspian Sea’s southern shores were rich in minerals and fuel. From there, the knowledge of metalworking spread to other centers in Asia, Africa, and Europe.


In the early fourth millennium BC, Iranian used copper s widely. They hammered copper to make arrows, flags, brooches, and jewelry. Still, in the second half of the millennium, there was a marked change in metal technology. During this period, they separate copper from the mineral by melting it and poured into various shapes. Assyrian documents indicate that the Iranians refined their sulfur copper in furnaces 2 meters high. Simultaneously, they made its reduction in small air furnaces with a mouth diameter of about 22 and a height of 45 centimeters.

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